Anyone can take good photographs with any camera. Creating good photographs has less to do with the equipment you have and more with the composition you use–it’s not what you see but how you see it. Good photographic composition takes practice, but after using these rules, you, too, can become a good photographer.
1. Have one strong center of interest, and place the subject slightly off center for the most pleasing composition.
2. Divide your picture area into thirds, both vertically and horizontally. Place your center of interest at one of the four places where the lines intersect. Have the subject look or move toward the center of the picture.
3. Place the horizon line high or low in your picture, and check to make sure the horizon is straight before you squeeze the shutter release.
4. Select a camera angle that will allow a leading line, such as a road, path, fence, or river, to lead into your picture.
5. Look at your subject from several angles and then select the best one.
6. Move in close to fill your picture area with the subject.
7. Add a natural frame to your scenic by including a foreground object such as a tree or an overhanging branch, and include people in the scene for a center of interest.
8. Watch the background in your picture. Busy backgrounds can steal attention from your subject. A blue sky or foliage makes a good background.
9. Whenever you take scenic pictures or pictures of buildings or monuments, try to include something in the foreground to add interest and dimension. Also include people for a size comparison.
10. And remember, even is boring, odd is interesting, so try to have an odd number of whatever your taking in your composition.